'j' sound

'j' sound

/j/ Sound

Children usually do not develop speech skills at a uniform pace. As children learn speech sounds, they master these sounds at different rates. For example, the articulation of the /j/ sound is often particularly challenging for most children. 

Since it’s a little more challenging, children continue to work on developing the sound through age seven. However, if your child is still struggling with the /j/ sound after seven years of age, it is best to seek out the help of an SLP 

Especially for a child with speech difficulty, the /j/ sound proves to be particularly challenging. A child may drop the /j/ sound altogether or might mispronounce it.

We're going to cover some important details about this critical sound and provide some tips to practice. Let’s get started! 

How the /j/ sound is spelled?

The /j/ phoneme sound can be spelled by different letter/letter combinations. 

The /j/ phoneme is normally spelled with the letters ‘ch’. E.g. in the words:

  • jelly
  • jug 

but can also be spelt with the letters ‘g’, ‘dg’ or  ‘ge’ E.g. in the words:

  • g: giraffe
  • dg: badger
  • ge: orange
/j/ speech sound development:

By the age of 4-5 years the child is able to say the /j/ sound in words. Their speech might be unclear to adults who don’t know the child well. Fluency and clarity of the production of sound /j/ is achieved easily over time in most children. 

How to produce the /j/ sound correctly? 

The /j/ sound is formed in the same way as the sound /ch/.  However the /j/ sound is voiced (the vocal cords vibrate during its production) whereas the /ch/ is unvoiced. It is a “stop consonant” i.e. there are two parts to the production of this sound. The first is preventing the airflow and the second is the release of it. 

To make the sound, put your teeth together and pull the corners of your lips to the middle to form a pucker. The tip of your tongue should touch the top of your mouth just behind your front teeth ridge. The air will be temporarily blocked by your tongue on its way out before being released from your lips. Generally, it is best to have your child watch you or an SLP make the sound, then try to copy in the mirror.

If you think you need more practice you can use the Valeo Learning library to practice the /j/ sound at home. 

Tips to Improve the /j/ sound production
  1. Identify /j/ sound in everyday speech

Point out words with /j/ sound in everyday speech. Try to use these words routinely in your daily conversations. Make it into a game and see who can identify as many /j/ sound words in all the conversations during the day. 

  1. Correct Vs. Incorrect 

Another game that you can play with your child at home  is the correct vs. incorrect pronunciation. Say the /j/ sound for your child correctly and incorrectly in different words and then have them identify and spot the difference in the correct and incorrect version.

  1. Fun Activities

While practicing speech sounds keep the activities fun and engaging. Incorporate speech sound practice into activities that your child already loves. For instance if they love playing outside, find a way to work speech sound practice into outdoor games e.g. have your child practice a few sound productions in between each of their turns while playing catch.

  1. Flashcards

You can practice speech sounds with flashcards. Flashcard decks in our learning library include specific words for each of the difficult speech sounds. A child’s speech sound production might improve a lot by saying these words out loud.

  1. Sorting Games

Sorting activities might also encourage speech-language learning skills. These activities help with language learning skills as they mimic the way that our brains naturally learn and store new vocabulary. With games such as the objects sorting game children might learn speech sounds in a fun and engaging way.

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